عنوان مقاله [English]
Attention to literary history and biography through writing Tazkira (biographies), especially during the Mughal Empire's reign in India, has been more prominent than ever. Biographers employed various means to enhance their books' literary status and demonstrate their power in creating a literary work. One of these means is the use of stories and narratives about outstanding characters. In order to better understand these narratives and measure literariness of their language, it is required to use such means as the study of linguistic foregrounding. According to Russian formalists, standard language defamiliarization leads to the creation of a literary text, and the means of defamiliarization is the linguistic foregrounding in two ways; extra regularity and deviations. Undoubtedly, the stories in biographies have been a proper platform for establishing the biographers' position as a writer aware of linguistic subtleties. This article seeks to display such literariness in the biographies.