عنوان مقاله [English]
“A” or “Alif” the first letter of Persian alphabet, a major vowel in Farsi, is the first letter of Abjad numeral system which represents number one in this system. Due to its special form and position as well as some unique features, letter “Alif” is one of the most abundantly used letters by Persian poets such as Sa’di, Hafez and their contemporaries to create original themes and elegant expressions. This article written by descriptive-analytical and library methods deals with two structures of literary application of Alif to answer the question that how do Sa'di and his contemporaries use the rhetoric and literary contents of alphabetical letters in their poetry. The first structure includes poetic images, literary contents and interpretations based on the shape and feature of “Alif”, and the second structure consists of verb and nominative phrases resulting from this letter's shape and feature. By analysis of these two structures, it can be said that Sadi has used this letter much less than the others for making poetic contents. The presented contents by Sadi from the letter Alif have social and moral aspects and delicate literary and artistic points. In these contents, Molavi emphasises on explaining the internal and rhetoric thoughts with social and moral aspects, as he is the most.... poems in this case by using the letter Alif. After Molavi, Sheikh Kamal Khojandi has created many literary works by using letter Alif. Other poems are Ohadi Maraqeie, Amirkhosro Dehlavi, Hafez, Khajavi Kermani, Seif Forghani and Araghi have noticed the application of letter Alif for creating contents.