عنوان مقاله [English]
To remove the sense of habituation from words, the poet sometimes make changes in word combinations as well as structure and syntax. This de-habituation is called defamiliarization, which aims to impress the reader by giving him/her a sense of pleasure. To that end, the poet distort the familiar world of language by using the words other than their normal and habitual way, which is indeed the language of poetry. Defamiliarization is one of the most widely used literary techniques in Hossein Panahi’s poetry. The technique develops the human sensory understanding of life and creates a new world by creating a distance from common linguistic and literary norms. The result of this different understanding and perception provides the pleasure that is one of the literature ends. The conclusion is that, by examining the poems of Hossein Panahi, in addition to finding examples of what have been enumerated as foregrounding, we find examples that de-familiarize the language. Most of the manifestations of defamiliarization are in the form of phonetic names and spoken language at the phonetic level, and expression of visual scenes in language at the metaphorical level. He also used the syntactic and lexical potential to cross the normative boundaries of the current language. This research, conducted by content analysis method with a descriptive-analytical approach, examines the poems of the contemporary poet Hossein Panahi from the perspective of linguistic and rhetorical de-familiarization. The analyses revealed that Panahi’s poetry depicts various forms of deviation, among which syntactic deviation, repetition, conceptual defamiliarization were discussed and examples were provided. In Panahi’s poetry, defamiliarization has both helped to enrich the language and generate beauty and fluency in conveying the message.