نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار گروه زبان و ادبیات فرانسه دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
عنوان مقاله [English]
This article seeks to emphasize "the re-reading of the enduring literary works" and considers it a necessity to gain an understanding of them or to hear their unheard voices. "Re-reading" the enduring literary work as a necessity is a view put forward by the French philosopher and theorist Antoine Berman, which is in fact rooted in his view on existence. In his opinion, the truth of existence manifests in language, and the expression of this manifestation is in the written works of past, and according to him, all of them, are based on an oral structure, and carried by a voice, to be precise. The sonority of literary work is the one that guarantees its survival and durability, and on the other hand, takes it out of a fixed and controllable content. Accordingly, the literary work will become a fragmented truth that always needs to be re-read so that its unheard voices, or in other words, "pieces" of this fragmented truth, that the theorist calls the "lost pages", can be heard. To give objectivity to this view, the author has chosen Nasir Khusraw's Safarnama as the subject of study among the written literary works of Persian language. First, in the introduction, he discusses aspects of Berman's views about the literary work and its features and then, in the light of this view, he intends to hear newer voices from Safarnama, which are the product of re-reading. The approach of this article is inductive, that is, it tries to achieve, through questioning and answering, unheard voices of Nasser Khosrow's "deliberate silence" in Safarnama.