عنوان مقاله [English]
Parody" or "contradiction" is an artistic trick in which a humorous imitation of a serious literary work takes place. In this research, the most important tool of "Kharestan"; AdibGhasemiKermani's satirical parody (1308-1238 Hijri / 1849-1929 AD) has been studied in two levels of surface structure and deep structure by comparative analysis using library tools, that is, word, form, and meaning.AdibKermani is one of the authors and poets in the field of critical and folklore literature. And his book "Kharestan" is written with the following of GolestanSaadi and he has used special words and phrases and non-natural and mostly comparative and critical words in response to the stable, original and literary words and serious issues raised in Golestan. Answer the main research question; That is, how to use the most important tools of controversy in the work and the degree of success of Ghasemi in it, is the goal of the authors. The results of the research show that the author has been able to use the local and slang words, interpretations and terms of
Weaver's scarf class, specific allusions and proverbs of people in the streets and bazaars, in the structural form of Golestan, alternately, all three types of verbal, formal and content contradictions. Include in your work and achieve relative success in forming a humorous contradiction on GolestanSaadi.