عنوان مقاله [English]
Literal pleasantry is one of the manifestations of humor in classic literature which along with humor genre has come to appearance in critical literature due to the dominant atmosphere in the society of its time and the ineligibility for creating social humor and has achieved a special position for itself.
If we accept that for creating humor, a text should have some formal and content features, we can also generalize these features to pleasantry.
Studying the formal structure of pleasantry in the light of using figures of speech will provides us with a criterion for scientific measurements by which points of strength and weakness of pleasantries and the ability or disability of the authors for creating humor will be found out.
In this research, we studied Jami's pleasantries with an emphasis on the effective role of figures of speech in the process of creating a literal text with humor tendencies and these pleasantries were analyzed in the light of literal figures of speech and using rhetoric.