عنوان مقاله [English]
The changing of Nima’s way from romanticism to social symbolism, which was associated with refining and mixed with deep poetic meditation, caused to form this new movement (social Symbolism) in new Persian poetry. Following Nima, some of his disciples who, in reason of the entrance of artist’s ambiguity in the poetry and his depth and polysemy, had no interest in expressing their understanding and interpreting political and social questions with frankness, resort to symbolization that means going away from objectivity and getting close to subjectivity. Magnificence and greatness of Akhavan and the inflorescence of his artistic talent was synchronizing it with such delicate historical and literal period. He could recognize the border between device and the secret of eternity of the artistic works because of his acquaintance with Nima’s innovations and creativities. In conclusion, he tried to expose the social questions and effects so, with a symbolic expression, he avoided his poetry from falling in to abyss of routine.
The composing of old Khorasani language with colloquial language and mysterious and symbolic expression has language and mysterious and symbolic expression has high affect an Akavan’s praise of the manifestations of culture and past civilization of Iran and critique of new intellectual society and also , his hatred of the atmosphere that was made after the defeat of National Movement. In Akhavan’s symbolic poetry, whether narrative intuitive, the artistic ambiguity and symbolic expression cause not only the name of poems and its elements, but also the whole poem has the ability of interpretation. Meanwhile, we should not neglect high frequency and also the essential role of the elements of nature, popular stories, myths and historical heroes informing symbolic poetry.